Laws regarding teen dating violence in canada
Dale is also seeing an increase in sexual violence, with intimate acts often coerced via cyberbullying: "There's a shaming happening through social media that basically extorts sex." Problematically, many of the young female victims don't consider these acts to be sex, unless there is penetration: "Not only do they not consider [oral sex] to be sex, but they consider being forced to do it as just part of life. Dale is also hearing more about sex acts coerced with pornography, acts that have little to do with the woman's pleasure: " 'Do this, this is what a real girl would do' – we're hearing more of that being of an expectation." Much of it is happening on campus.
"There's a culture of coerced sexuality that has been hard to break through for a very long time," Ms. "We may have lost ground with this age group, in terms of respect and proper boundaries between equals in a dating relationship." Staff Sergeant Isobel Granger, head of the partner assault unit at Ottawa Police Services, said the young women she sees often have little concept of what boundaries are acceptable to them.
In Connecticut, for example, violence committed between persons who are parents of the same child constitutes domestic violence regardless of whether the parents have ever lived in the same home. Delaware’s definition of domestic violence also includes instances where a person conveys to the victim a threat to harm a third person, such as the victim’s child. § 76-5-109.1) Some states have created separate statutes that specifically apply to acts of violence committed among persons in domestic relationships, while other states treat domestic violence as an aggravating factor that triggers increased penalties for defendants convicted of the underlying violent act (for example, battery).
In some states, convictions for violent offenses that involve domestic violence do not necessarily trigger increased prison sentences or fines.For example, Arizona includes within its definition of domestic violence victims such as in-laws, step-parents and step-children, and persons related through adoption. In Utah, for example, a defendant is guilty of child abuse where a child is present during the defendant’s infliction of serious bodily injury against a person with whom the defendant cohabitates. A defendant convicted of both the underlying offense and the family violence offense can be sentenced for only one of the offenses.Other states do not create separate offenses for domestic violence crimes."Violence" included assault, sexual assault and homicide, as well as threats and criminal harassment, a trademark of dating violence since many of the victims and offenders do not live together.Much of it was "common assault" yielding minor or no injuries.The numbers, which encompass a wide range of relationships (boyfriends and girlfriends, exes and many permutations of intimate entanglements), were compiled from police reports from urban centres, and they exposed a troubling trend: Victim numbers doubled to 17,028 in 2010 from 8,596 in 2004.In 2010, victims of dating violence surpassed those of spousal violence: 54,100 to 48,700, respectively.In addition to criminal penalties, incidents of domestic violence can serve as grounds for court-issued protective orders that affect contact with the victim and child custody.For more information on the federal law that protects domestic violence victims, see Federal Penalties for Domestic Violence Crimes.The data found that women in their late 20s to early 30s were most at risk; that peaked at 35 to 44 for men.Similar to spousal violence, much of the violence in dating scenarios happens after the relationship is over: 57 per cent of perpetrators were exes, according to another Statscan article, this one from 2008.